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How I Killed a Bear

 by Charles Dudley Warner

American author Charles Dudley Warner (1829-1900), a contemporary of Mark Twain (1835-1910), was not a hunter.  He was not an outdoor writer.  But he was, by George! a writer, and he knew how to tell a story well.  And he did indeed kill a bear – with a Sharps – in 1878.  Here’s an excerpt from his account – a classic but not run-of-the-mill bear yarn:

THE ENCOUNTER was unpremeditated on both sides.  I was not hunting for a bear, and I have no reason to suppose that a bear was looking for me.  The fact is that we were both out blackberrying and met by chance – the usual way.  There is among the Adirondack visitors always a great deal of conversation about bears – a general expression of the wish to see one in the woods and much speculation as to how a person would act if he or she chanced to meet one.  But bears are scarce and timid, and appear only to a favored few.

It was a warm day in August, just the sort of day when an adventure of any kind seemed impossible.  But the thought came to the housekeepers at our cottage – there were four of them – to send me to the clearing on the mountain back of the house to pick blackberries.  It was rather a series of small clearings running up into the forest, much overgrown with bushes and briers and not unromantic.  Cows pastured there, penetrating through the leafy passages from one opening to another and browsing among the bushes.  I was kindly furnished with a six-quart pail and told not to be gone long.

Not from any predatory instinct, but to save appearances, I took a gun.  It adds to the manly aspect of a person with a tin pail if he also carries a gun.  It was possible I might start up a partridge; though how I was to hit him, if he started up instead of standing still, puzzled me.  Many people use a shotgun for partridges.  I prefer the rifle: it makes a clean job of death and does not prematurely stuff the bird with globules of lead.

The rifle was a Sharps, carrying a ball cartridge (ten to the pound), an excellent weapon belonging to a friend of mine who had intended, for a good many years back, to kill a deer with it.  He could hit a tree with it – if the wind did not blow, and the atmosphere was just right, and the tree was not too far off – nearly every time.  Of course, the tree must have some size.

Needless to say that I was at that time no sportsman.  Years ago, I killed a robin under the most humiliating circumstances.  The bird was in a low cherry tree.  I loaded a big shotgun pretty full, crept up under the tree, rested the gun on the fence, with the muzzle no more than ten feet from the bird, shut both eyes, and pulled the trigger.

When I got up to see what had happened, the robin was scattered about under the tree in more than a thousand pieces, no one of which was big enough to enable a naturalist to decide from it to what species it belonged.  This disgusted me with the life of the sportsman.  I mention the incident to show that although I went blackberrying armed, there was not much inequality between me and the bear.

In this blackberry patch, bears had been seen.  The summer before, our colored cook, accompanied by a little girl of the vicinity, was picking berries there one day when a bear came out of the woods and walked toward them.  The girl took to her heels and escaped.  Aunt Chloe was paralyzed with terror.  Instead of attempting to run, she sat down on the ground where she was standing and began to weep and scream, giving herself up for lost.

The bear was bewildered by this conduct.  He approached and looked at her; he walked around and surveyed her.  Probably he had never seen a colored person before and did not know whether she would agree with him; at any rate, after watching her a few moments, he turned about and went into the forest.  This is an authentic instance of the delicate consideration of a bear and is much more remarkable than the forbearance toward the African slave of the well known lion, because the bear had no thorn in his foot.

When I had climbed the hill, I set up my rifle against a tree and began picking berries, lured on from bush to bush by the black gleam of fruit (that always promises more in the distance than it realizes when you reach it), penetrating farther and farther, through leaf-shaded cowpaths flecked with sunlight, into clearing after clearing.

Occasionally, as I broke through a covert, I encountered a meek cow who stared at me stupidly for a second and then shambled off into the brush.  I became accustomed to this dumb society and picked on in silence, attributing all the wood noises to the cattle, thinking nothing of any real bear.

In point of fact, however, I was thinking all the time of a nice romantic bear and – as I picked – was composing a story about a generous she-bear who had lost her cub and who seized a small girl in this very wood, carried her tenderly off to a cave, and brought her up on bear’s milk and honey.

When the girl got big enough to run away, moved by her inherited instincts, she escaped and came into the valley of her father’s house (this part of the story was to be worked out so that the child would know her father by some family resemblance and have some language in which to address him) and told him where the bear lived.  The father took his gun, and guided by the unfeeling daughter, went into the woods and shot the bear, who never made any resistance and only, when dying, turned reproachful eyes upon her murderer.  The moral of the tale was to be kindness to animals.

I was in the midst of this tale when I happened to look some rods away to the other side of the clearing, and there was a bear! He was standing on his hind legs and doing just what I was doing – picking blackberries.  With one paw, he bent down the bush while with the other, he clawed the berries into his mouth – green ones and all.

To say that I was astonished is beside the mark.  I suddenly discovered that I didn’t want to see a bear after all.  At about the same moment, the bear saw me, stopped eating berries, and regarded me with a glad surprise.  It is all very well to imagine what you would do under such circumstances.  Probably, you wouldn’t do it.  I didn’t.

The bear dropped down on his forefeet and came slowly toward me.  Climbing a tree was of no use, with so good a climber in the rear.  If I started to run, I had no doubt, the bear would give chase, and although a bear can not run downhill as fast as he can run uphill, yet I felt that he could get over this rough, brush-tangled ground faster than I could.


The bear was approaching.  It suddenly occurred to me how I could divert his mind until I could fall back upon my military base.  My pail was nearly full of excellent berries – much better than the bear could pick himself.  I put the pail on the ground and slowly backed away from it, keeping my eye – as beast tamers do – on the bear.  The ruse worked.  

The bear came up to the berries and stopped.  Not accustomed to eat out of a pail, he tipped it over and nosed about in the fruit, “gorming” (if there is such a word) it down, mixed with leaves and dirt, like a pig.  The bear is a worse feeder than the pig.  Whenever he disturbs a maple-sugar camp in the spring, he always upsets the buckets of syrup and tramples around in the sticky sweets, wasting more than he eats.  The bear’s manners are thoroughly disagreeable.

As soon as my enemy’s head was down, I started and ran.  Somewhat breathless and shaky, I reached for my faithful rifle.  It was not a moment too soon.  I heard the bear crashing through the brush after me.  Enraged at my duplicity, he was now coming on with blood in his eye.  I felt that the time of one of us was probably short.

The rapidity of thought at such moments of peril is well known.  I thought an octavo volume, had it illustrated and published, sold fifty thousand copies, and went to Europe on the proceeds while that bear was loping across the clearing.

As I was cocking the gun, I made a hasty and unsatisfactory review of my whole life.  I noted that even in such a compulsory review, it is almost impossible to think of any good thing you have done.  The sins come out uncommonly strong.  I recollected a newspaper subscription I had delayed paying years and years ago, until both editor and newspaper were dead, and which now could never be paid to all eternity.

The bear was coming on.

I tried to remember what I had read about encounters with bears.  I couldn’t recall an instance in which a man had run away from a bear in the woods and got off.  I tried to think what is the best way to kill a bear with a gun when you are not near enough to club him with the stock.  My first thought was to fire at his head, to plant the ball between his eyes; but this is a dangerous experiment.  The bear’s brain is very small; and unless you hit that, the bear does not mind a bullet in his head; that is, not at the time.  remembered that instant death of the bear would follow a bullet planted just back of his foreleg and sent into his heart.  This spot is also difficult to reach unless the bear stands off, side toward you, like a target.  I finally decided to fire at him generally. 


The bear was coming on.

The contest seemed to me very different from anything at Creedmoor.  I had carefully read the reports of the shooting there, but it was not easy to apply the experience I had thus acquired.  I hesitated whether I had better fire lying on my stomach, or lying on my back and resting the gun on my toes.  But in neither position, I reflected, could I see the bear until he was upon me.  The range was too short, and the bear wouldn’t wait for me to examine the thermometer and note the direction of the wind.  Trial of the Creedmoor method, therefore, had to be abandoned – and I bitterly regretted that I had not read more accounts of offhand shooting.

For the bear was coming on.

I tried to fix my last thoughts on my family.  As my family is small, this was not difficult.  Dread of displeasing my wife or hurting her feelings was uppermost in my mind.  What would be her anxiety as hour after hour passed on, and I did not return! What would the rest of the household think as the afternoon passed on, and no blackberries came! What would be my wife’s mortification when the news was brought that her husband had been eaten by a bear! I can not imagine anything more ignominious than to have a husband eaten by a bear.  And this was not my only anxiety.  The mind at such times is not under control.  With the gravest fears, the most whimsical ideas will occur.  I looked beyond the mourning friends and thought what kind of an epitaph they would be compelled to put upon the stone.  Something like this:


It is a very unheroic and even disagreeable epitaph.  That eaten by a bear is intolerable.  It is grotesque.  And then I thought what an inadequate language the English is for compact expression.  It would not answer to put upon the stone simply eaten, for that is indefinite and requires explanation; it might mean eaten by a cannibal.  This difficulty could not occur in the German, where essen signifies the act of feeding by a man, and fressen by a beast.  How simple the thing would be in German!

AUGUST 20, 1877

That explains itself.  The well born one was eaten by a beast and presumably by a bear – an animal that has had a bad reputation since the days of Elisha.


The bear was coming on; he had, in fact, come on.  I judged that he could see the whites of my eyes.  All my subsequent reflections were confused.  I raised the gun, covered the bear’s breast with the sight and let drive.  Then I turned and ran like a deer.  I did not hear the bear pursuing.  I looked back.  The bear had stopped.  He was lying down.

I then remembered that the best thing to do after having fired your gun is to reload it.  I slipped in a charge, keeping my eyes on the bear.  He never stirred.

I walked back suspiciously.  There was a quiver in his hind legs but no other motion.  Still, he might be shamming; bears often sham.  To make sure, I approached and put a ball into his head.  He didn’t mind it now: he minded nothing.  Death had come to him with a merciful suddenness.  He was calm in death.  In order that he might remain so, I blew his brains out and started for home.

I had killed a bear!



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